Rails Filters: Before, After, and Around Filters

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Filters are methods that are run before, after or “around” a controller action.

Filters are inherited, so if you set a filter on ApplicationController, it will be run on every controller in your application.

Before filters may halt the request cycle. A common before filter is one which requires that a user is logged in for an action to be run.

Before filters are run on requests before the request gets to the controller’s action. It can return a response itself and completely bypass the action.

The most common use of before filters is validating a user’s authentication before granting them access to the action designated to handle their request. I’ve also seen them used to load a resource from the database, check permissions on a resource, or manage redirects under other circumstances.

After filters are run after the action completes. It can modify the response. Most of the…

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